Bangkok is the most crowded and capital city of the Kingdom of Thailand. It is known in Thaias Krung Thep Maha Nakhon or simply Krung Thep. The city occupies 1,568.7 square kilometres (605.7 sq mi) in the Chao Phraya River delta in Central Thailand, and has a population of over 8 million, or 12.6 percent of the country's population. More than 14 million people live inside the incorporating Bangkok Metropolitan Region, making Bangkok an unprecedented primate city, in a general sense dominating Thailand's other urban concentrations to the extent centrality. Bangkok was at the heart of the modernization of Siam, later renamed Thailand, during the late 19th century, as the country faced pressures from the West. The city was at the focal point of Thailand's political battles all through the twentieth century, as the nation abrogated total government, embraced sacred control and experienced various upsets and a few uprisings. The city grew rapidly during the 1960s through the 1980s and now exerts a significant impact on Thailand's politics, economy, education, media and modern society.
The Asian speculation blast in the 1990s drove numerous multinational partnerships to find their local base camp in Bangkok. The city is now a major regional force in finance and business. It is an international hub for transport and health care, and has emerged as a regional centre for the arts, fashion and entertainment. The city is notable for its lively road life and social points of interest, and also its famous shady areas of town. The memorable Grand Palace and Buddhist sanctuaries including Wat Arun and Wat Pho remain interestingly with other vacation spots, for example, the nightlife scenes of Khaosan Road and Patpong. Bangkok is among the world's top tourist destinations.
Initially, Bangkok's transportation framework depended on the Chao Phraya River and a progression of trenches. With the advent of the automobile, however, many of the canals have been filled in to make way for roads, and water travel is most common on the Chao Phraya. Finding your way around Bangkok is a test. Bangkok is not a planned city, and its growth has often been chaotic. The city sprawls alongside the Chao Phraya River, with roads and alleys spiraling off in every direction. Most visitors to the city travel by taxi, river taxi, or tuk-tuk. Water travel was previously the fundamental methods for transportation in this city of streams and waterways. River taxis and ferries are still one of Bangkok's most popular means of travel although they are losing out to automobiles. Worker pontoons run a few courses along and over the Chao Phraya. The main jetty stops are located at the Oriental Hotel, the Royal Orchid Sheraton, the River City Shopping Center, and the Grand Palace. The fare is reasonable, depending on distance. For all the more comfortable touring trips, since quite a while ago followed water crafts can be leased.
Bangkok is the economic centre of Thailand, and the heart of the country's investment and development. In 2010, the city had an economic output of 3.142 trillion baht (98.34 billion US dollars), contributing 29.1 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP). This added up to a for each capita GDP estimation of 456,911 ($14,301), right around three times the national normal of 160,556 ($5,025). The Bangkok Metropolitan Region had a consolidated yield of 4.773tn ($149.39bn), or 44.2 percent of GDP. Bangkok's economy positions as the 6th among Asian urban areas as far according to capita GDP, after Singapore, Hong Kong, Tokyo, Osaka– Kobe and Seoul. Discount and retail exchange is the biggest area in the city's economy, contributing 24.0% of Bangkok's gross common item. It is followed by manufacturing (14.3%); real estate, renting and business activities (12.4%); transport and communications (11.6%); and financial intermediation (11.1%). Bangkok alone records for 48.4 percent of Thailand's administration segment, which thus constitutes 49.0% of GDP. When the Bangkok Metropolitan Region is considered, manufacturing is the most significant contributor at 28.2 percent of the gross regional product, reflecting the density of industry in the Bangkok's neighbouring provinces. The automotive industry based around Greater Bangkok is the largest production hub in Southeast Asia. Tourism is additionally a critical supporter of Bangkok's economy, creating 427.5bn ($13.38bn) in income in 2010.
The Stock Exchange of Thailand (SET) is situated on Ratchadaphisek Road in internal Bangkok. The SET, together with the Market for Alternative Investment (MAI) has 648 listed companies as of the end of 2011, with a combined market capitalization of 8.485 trillion baht ($267.64bn). Because of the substantial measure of remote portrayal, Thailand has for quite a while been a backbone of the Southeast Asian economy and a focal point of Asian business.